The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently held that the federal removal statute authorizes only a “defendant or the defendants” to remove an action to federal court.  The Ninth Circuit reversed a District Court’s order denying a borrower’s motion to remand, after an unnamed Trustee removed the action to federal court on behalf of a defendant Trust.  In so ruling, the Ninth Circuit held that because an unnamed party removed the case, the District Court should have remanded it instead of retaining jurisdiction.